druze dna project

But for people in the "Anatolian" category, East Med is not the biggest component. Meron, Galilee) By joining the project, members give their unconditional consent to the project administrator(s) to join them to relevant FTDNA projects as well as to request further DNA tests for them (whenever deemed necessary to identify their particular lineage & terminal haplogroup). Patrilineal lines might include descendants of people brought over from Assyria in the 1st millennium BCE. Kurdish Families Carolyn Benson's X mtDNA Project at Family Tree DNA; Spread of Haplogroup X, from National Geographic; References ^ a b van Oven, Mannis; Manfred Kayser (13 Oct 2008). CyrylBojarski. This might imply that adherents to the faith might have included some Samaritans inhabiting the Galilee. In Jordan, some Druze families later spread to the cities of “Zarqaa”. • “Banu Jandal”: (“بنو جندل بن قيس التميمي”) from “Tamim” tribe تميم. Technically, the Druze community is composed of those who are descendants -strictly via direct patrilineal lines- from the clans & families that accepted the Druze faith in 1017-1043 CE (no new adherents to the Faith were allowed after this period). Jabal al-Summaq (Harem District, Idlib Governorate, N. Syria) The Druze faith is one of the major religious groups in the Levant, with between 800,000 to a million adherents. • In the 12th c. CE, Chehabs الشهابيون (aka “Shihab”, from “Banu Makhzum” بنو مخزوم branch of “Quraysh” قريش) became the rulers of this area. The Druze community, from a genetic perspective, does fairly represent the genetic profile of E. Mediterranean people around the end of the first millennium CE. mosques or any form of ritualistic behavior historically or currently practiced by both Christians or Muslims It uses the colorized format. Is there druze dna in me? Genetic testing is thereby able to determine that the Druze DNA experienced its last major admixture event, where Druze mixed with local Levantines (Syrians), between the … Technically, the Druze community is composed of those who are descendants -strictly via direct patrilineal lines- from the clans & families that accepted the Druze faith in 1017-1043 CE (no new adherents to the Faith were allowed after this period). Druze Project - Y-DNA Colorized Chart. The Ismaili faith appeal to the indigenous religious groups has to do to with the similarities shared by these faiths as they were all influenced to various degrees by the Gnostic, Hermetic, Neo-Platonic philosophies (Alexandrian Philosophical schools that were renowned throughout the Near East in the first 5 centuries of Christian Era) as well as elements of Zoroastrianism. • N. African Berbers settled the Levant subsequent to the Fatimid invasion in the late 10th c. CE; these composed mainly from soldiers in the Fatimid army (who were primarily from the "Kutama" tribe كتامة, the army also included soldiers of Sicilian descent). Salih was killed in the battle of al-Uqhuwana (near Tiberias on the banks of the Jordan river) in May 1029 CE; he was defeated by Fatimid General "Anushtikin al-Dizbiri" & "Rafi' ibn Abi al-Layl ibn 'Ulyan" (Amir of "Banu Kalb" from July 1028 CE) -both suspected of being Crypto Druze. Salih was killed in the battle of al-Uqhuwana (near Tiberias on the banks of the Jordan river) in May 1029 CE; he was defeated by Fatimid General ", " (Amir of "Banu Kalb" from July 1028 CE) -both suspected of being Crypto Druze, As for the ethnic components of these provinces in the 11th c. CE, we know that both areas were inhabited by a mix of indigenous people (e.g. • Also, starting in the 11th c. CE, the Levant started witnessing the migrations of Turkish & Kurdish clans. The “al-Hamdan” family is generally believed to descend from the “Hamdanid” dynasty that ruled Aleppo & Northern Mesopotamia in the 10th c. CE. Syria) & “Lakhm” (some families in Lebanon still retain genealogical records linking them to the "Lakhmid" dynasty المناذرة اللخميين of al-Hirah الحيرة in S. Iraq). ”; r.934-949 CE) who is credited for re-building the city in 949 CE & calling it “Amadiya” after his name (most historians; however, believe it was Atabeg "Imad ad-Din Zengi" who rebuilt the city in 1142 CE). • Another major wave of migration came from “Jabal al Summaq” (where the community was greatly depleted due to several Ottoman military campaigns), to Mount Lebanon, Swaida, Golan Heights & N. Palestine (expanding as far as “Mt. A total of 311 Israeli Druze were sampled: 37 from the Golan Heights, 183 from the Galilee, and 35 … settled heavily by Yemeni Arabian Tribes; namely: the “, ” (the tribe that produced the "Kalbid" dynasty, which ruled Sicily from 948-1053 CE). The vast majority of the Druze people assert Arab ancestry -being entirely an Arabic speaking population. New research has found Jews share a genetic bond with Cypriots and Druze and confirms the Jewish diaspora maintained a strong DNA continuity … Syria at that time). Inhabitants included indigenous population of the region (area was ruled by the Iturians in the 1st c. BCE), which were later supplemented with Arab Tribes. • Interestingly, one of the founders of the Druze faith “Ali ibn Ahmad al-Samuqi” (“علي بن أحمد الطائي السموقي”, from “Tayy” tribe) is believed to have come originally from the town of “Sammuqa” السموقة (North of Aleppo; N 36.417054°, E 037.261520°). Classical historians associate “Jabal al-Summaq” area with the presence of “Nizari” Ismailis during these turbulent times (probably unable to differentiate the “Druze” from the other Nizari/Mustaali Ismaili groups present in N.W. Members are encouraged to take at least the Y-DNA 37 STR markers test. The hypothesis put forward by Dr. Anis Yehya (modern Druze historian) links the lineage of the Maanids back to the Lakhmid dynasty & concludes that the Maanids were in fact agnatic cousins to the rival house of “Alamuddin” (unlike traditional historical accounts which base their arguments on the differing Qaysite-Yemenite factions). They are Islamic, but most Moslems consider them heretics..." Kate has seemed obsessed with resisting a claim … The vast majority of the Druze people assert Arab ancestry -being entirely an Arabic speaking population. Jump to page: Results 221 to 223 of 223 Thread: Is there druze dna in me? Most notably: After losing power in 974 CE as a result of Byzantine attack, they were able to reinstate their control over Latakia in the early 11th c. CE, but ultimately were deposed by the Seljuk Turks in 1086 CE (subsequently the whole coastal line fell to the crusaders). The area is presumed to have been re-settled by many subsequent waves of people (e.g. The Tanukhids seemed to have been at good terms with the Hamdanid dynasty of Aleppo. • "Jabal al-Summaq" is believed to have been part of the areas settled by the "Mardaites" in the 7th & 8th c. CE. People of the Levant (E. Mediterranean) from Gilan, N. Iran) or Kurdish origin; whereas the Zengid dynasty was Sunnite of Oghuz Turkic origin. In einem Nachnamenprojekt wird … Having been located mostly in mountainous areas has helped keep their genetic admixture with other groups at minimal levels. Classical Arab historians report the earliest presence of “Ismailism” in “Jabal al-Summaq” area in the late 10th c. CE, By the 11th c. CE, the cities of “Aleppo” (N.W. • In the 2nd half of the 13th c. CE, The Malmluk sultanate persecuted Druze in N. Palestine, which caused many Druze families to migrate to Mount Lebanon & Mount Hermon (Iqlim al Ballan). Many Sunni  families in the coastal cities; especially those whose ancestors migrated during the Ottoman times, can still trace their lineage to N. Africa (some even to "Al-Andalus"). … The Druze individual that Vass claimed has DNA numbers close to those of Tut lives in a village called Beit Jaan situated on Mount Meron in northern Israel. • Also, starting in the 11th c. CE, the Levant started witnessing the migrations of Turkish & Kurdish clans. Turkey remained in power until the area fell to the Ottomans in 1515 CE). • In the 20th c. CE, Druze families expanded their presence into “Azraq” & “Um al-Qottain” (N. Jordan) as well as “Jaramana” (near Damascus). • The DNA studies done on the Druze so far prove their genetic diversity; with Y-DNA haplogroups: (J, E, R, G, L, Q, C, K/T), & mtDNA Haplogroups: (H, K, X, U, T, HV, I, J, L2, M1, N1, W, R0). Fax: (718) 426-1940. xerxez. Turkey remained in power until the area fell to the Ottomans in 1515 CE). • Another major wave of migration came from “Jabal al Summaq” (where the community was greatly depleted due to several Ottoman military campaigns), to Mount Lebanon, Swaida, Golan Heights & N. Palestine (expanding as far as “Mt. "Hadir Qinnasrin" (Modern: al-Hadhir الحاضر, East of Qinnasrin) became known during early Islamic times as "Hadir Tayy" حاضر طيء as it became inhabited mainly by members of the Tayy tribe (earlier it was inhabited mainly by Tanukh; later the town was also inhabited by members of the "Banu Abs" tribe. However, given the results of the Y-DNA genetic studies, the truth is far more complicated than that. (“Salamah ibn 'Abdal-Wahhab as-Samirri”) whose name points to a Samaritan origin. • “Joumblatt” جنبلاط: According to “Sharafnameh” (the famous medieval Kurdish historical work), “Mand” منتشا/مند (the ancestor of the “Joumblatt” family), was originally appointed by the “Ayyubid” dynasty as ruler of the “al-Quṣayr” القصير (most probably the modern “Altınözü” district, Hatay Province, Turkey) in the 13th c. CE. It is unlikely that we can identify all the Druze families of Kurdish ancestry going to that time. A 2004 study by Shen et al. • Adherents to the faith came from different patrilineal lines, including original inhabitants who were later supplemented by Arabian tribes. In Lebanon, these successive waves mainly targeted the “Beqaa Valley”. Amongst these were Arabian tribes that came with the Qarmatians. In its current use amongst the Druze, the term refers specifically to the modern Aley district). Welcome to Anthrogenica, an independent community-funded, community-led discussion forum catering towards all aspects of anthropology and population & consumer genetics. West Asian is and his is lower than average. • The appeal of the Ismaili Fatimid dynasty to the Shiites rested mainly on their claim to be of legitimate Alid lineage (The claim which the Sunni Caliphs of Baghdad did their best to discredit). Page 23 of 23 First... 13 21 22 23. There are sources suggesting that the Druze were a people of their own even before conversion to the faith of al … Amir Ma’an -according to this tradition- is from the “Ayyubid” clan of the “Rabi`ah” tribe ربيعة who inhabited Upper Mesopotamia (“Rabi`ah” is assumed to be that famous Arabian tribe, which was originally based in “Nejd” -C. Arabia). • The early Druze people n N. Syria are most likely descendants from the various ethnic groups that adopted “Ismailism” & subsequently got converted to the “Druze” faith in the 10th c. CE. In addition, it is likely that Kurds were also present in the Aleppo province during this time, especially that historians reported marriages taking place between the Hamdanid dynasty of Aleppo & the Marwanid dynasty of Amid, In 1033 CE, the Mirdasid Emir of Aleppo, “Shibl al-Dawla Nasr” (r. 1029-1038 CE) is reported to have re-settled Kurds to “Hisn al-Safh” near Homs, , Syria (later to be known as “Hisn al Akrad”, “Krak des Chevaliers” قلعة الحصن, In the 12th c. CE, the Ismaili communities suffered greatly from the encroaching Sunni Turkic tribes that invaded the region (namely, the, ), as well as the later Crusader campaigns. Upgrading to higher resolution tests (Y67, Y111) is highly … After the ascension of "Ali az-Zahir" (r. 1021-1036 CE), he ordered the Fatimid army to destroy the new faith, the Druze community of Aleppo & Antioch was greatly depleted; survivors mostly took refuge amongst their brethren in “Jabal al-Summaq” (aka  “A'la Mountain” /"الجبل الأعلى"; historically part of Aleppo province). For example, Juhhāl are not permitted to assume any role in religious ceremonies, including assemblies that take place in a … as well as coastal lines (mostly intensifying subsequent to the Mongol Invasions). The Arab presence in Al-Jazira can be attested bythe classical Arabic names given to its 3 districts: “Diyar Rabiah”, “Diyar Mudar” & “Diyar Bakr” (i.e. They are commonly referred to as "Druze", a name derived from el-Drzi, the name of one of the known propagandists of the Druze religion at its beginning. • Modern human bones were found in the Levant dating back to the earliest out-of-Africa migrations. Syria) & “Amid” (Diyarbakır -S.E. Below is a more detailed commentary that can help shed more light on the geographic distribution & ethnic background of the Druze community: S. Mount Lebanon (modern Matn, Baabda, Aley & Shouf Districts). Syrian coastal line between 863-974 CE, at times extending their control inlands to “Maarrat al-Nu'man” & “Qinnasrin” قنسرين. This might indicate that members of the “Tayy” tribe could have adopted the Druze faith & that some of them might have ended up in the neighboring “Jabal al Summaq” area. I... by . Historically, “Amadiya” was a major Kurdish city that became the capital of the “Emirate of Bahdinan”. The Ismaili Connection (N. Syria, Upper Mesopotamia) • The Druze community practiced endogamy since inception & greatly discouraged intermarriage with other communities. • N.W. • “al-Hamdan” الحمدان family (a famous medieval Druze feudal family in Mount Lebanon; a branch of which led the original Druze expansion to S. Syria in the late 17th c. CE & were instrumental in defeating the raiding Bedouin tribes coming from Arabia). Upgrading to higher resolution tests (Y67, Y111) is highly recommended as it can give a much better TMRCA* estimate. the abode of the Tribes of “Rabiah”, ; these tribes being amongst the largest N. Arabian Tribes), In the 10th c. CE, “Hamdanid” Emir “Sayf al-Dawla” (r. 945-967 CE) is reported by Ibn al-Adim (1192–1262; historian from Aleppo) to have brought Shiite people from “Harran” (aka“Carrhae”, city in S.E. According to “Sharafnameh”, the “Mand” descendants are agnatic cousins to the dynasties that ruled the Kurdish principalities of “Bahdinan”, “Hakkâri” & “Shamdinan”. This area was the perfect place for the spread of the “Ismailism” as it included both Shiites & other indigenous religious groups. Having been located mostly in mountainous areas has helped keep their genetic admixture with other groups at minimal levels. Now for the first time in history a man of faith and a man of science are teaming up to search for Jesus' DNA. • These waves included clans from “Tanukh” (In the 8th c. CE, "Tanukhids" were mainly centered in "Ma'arrat al-Nu'man" معرة النعمان, Idlib province, N.W. Y-DNA STR markers change (mutate) often enough that most men who share the same STR results also share a recent paternal lineage. Originally, adherents to the faith were spread in the provinces of Aleppo & Antioch (modern “Hatay Province”), " (r. 1021-1036 CE), he ordered the Fatimid army to destroy the new faith, t. he Druze community of Aleppo & Antioch was greatly depleted; survivors mostly took refuge amongst their brethren in “Jabal al-Summaq” (aka  “A'la Mountain” /". The tribes of Tanukh & Bahraa' (both from Quda’a tribe) presence in Latakia is attested by Estakhri (d. 957 CE, Persian medieval geographer) who referred to the nearby mountains of Latakia as the “Mountains of Bahraa' & Tanukh”. Druze Genetic Diversity Anatolia; Kurdish: “Amed”) were both major Ismaili centers in their respective areas. • From historical records, East Mediterranean has seen many migration waves from Arabia; also it was subject to occupation from Egyptians, Hittites, Mesopotamians, Persians, Greeks, Romans…. shed doubts on the historicity of these events; especially since the Maanid dynasty only appeared in the written historical records by the late 15th c. CE as rulers of the Shouf Mountain. مشروع السلالات الجينية لعائلات بني معروف. • Modern Kurdish historians citing “Mohebbi” (“محمد أمين بن فضل الله المحبي الحموي الدمشقي”; Syrian historian, 1651-1699 CE) claim that the Ma’anids are actually descendants from the Kurdish "Ayyubids" الأكراد الأيوبيين (presumably the dynasty founded by Sultan Saladin; which ruled different parts of the Levant from 1171-1341 CE; one Ayyubid branch ruling Hasankeyf حصن كيفا in S.E. • In the early 17th c. CE (during the reign of Amir “Fakhr-al-Din II”), many Druze families moved from Mount Lebanon to N. Palestine, especially the mountainous areas surrounding “Safed”. Jordan), Banu Amela عاملة (S. Lebanon), Banu Judham جذام & Lakhm لخم (Jordan/Palestine). iGENEA publiziert exklusiv das Y-DNA-Profil Tutanchamuns und sucht nach seinen letzten lebenden Verwandten in Europa. Their failed attempt to gain independence caused them to lose their rule. The Chehabs are today either Muslim Sunni or Christians (some branches converted to Christianity in the 18th c. CE). After losing power in 974 CE as a result of Byzantine attack, they were able to reinstate their control over Latakia in the early 11th c. CE, but ultimately were deposed by the Seljuk Turks in 1086 CE (subsequently the whole coastal line fell to the crusaders). Sub-Forums: Epigenetics; Forum Actions: Forum Statistics: Threads: 348; Posts: 3,362; Last Post: Are you introvert or... by . Human Mutation 30 (2): E386–E394. I am from romania. It is suggested that the Druze faith reached the Kurdish areas at the time of the Kurdish Marwanid ruler “Nasr al-Dawla Ahmad ibn Marwan” (r. 1011-1061 CE). The Druze community, from a genetic perspective, does fairly represent the genetic profile of E. Mediterranean people around the end of the first millennium CE. The Druze also have much diversity of X lineages. Syria is also known to have been settled heavily by Yemeni Arabian Tribes; namely: the “Tanukh”, “Bahraa'” & “Banu Kalb” (the tribe that produced the "Kalbid" dynasty, which ruled Sicily from 948-1053 CE). Y-DNA STR markers change (mutate) often enough that most men who share the same STR results also share a recent paternal lineage. Druze Project - Y-DNA Classic Chart. The oral traditions regarding the “al-Imad” family states that they are descendants of the Buyid dynasty founded by Emir “Imad al-Dawla al-Daylami al-Kurdi” (“. In Jordan, some Druze families later spread to the cities of “Zarqaa” الزرقاء & “Amman” عمان (primarily in “Jabal Akhdar” الجبل الأخضر). Interestingly, one of the founders of the Druze faith, “Isma'il ibn Muhammad ibn Hamid al-Tamimi” (“. ) • New historical research suggests that this mountain was also inhabited by the Kurds in the 11th c. CE (The Kurds still inhabit the neighboring district of Afrin/Efrîn in Aleppo governorate). The Druze are a religious sect, not particularly ancient as such things go, only a few hundred years later than Islam. The Ismaili faith appeal to the indigenous religious groups has to do to with the similarities shared by these faiths as they were all influenced to various degrees by the Gnostic, Hermetic, Neo-Platonic philosophies (Alexandrian Philosophical schools that were renowned throughout the Near East in the first 5 centuries of Christian Era) as well as elements of Zoroastrianism, The appeal of the Ismaili Fatimid dynasty to the Shiites rested mainly on their claim to be of legitimate, the Sunni Caliphs of Baghdad did their best to discredit). The Shroud of Turin analysis shows significant traces of mitochondrial DNA unique to the Druze community. In 1033 CE, the Mirdasid Emir of Aleppo, “Shibl al-Dawla Nasr” (r. 1029-1038 CE) is reported to have re-settled Kurds to “Hisn al-Safh” near Homs, Syria (later to be known as “Hisn al Akrad”, “Krak des Chevaliers” قلعة الحصن). • Modern human bones were found in the Levant dating back to the earliest out-of-Africa migrations. Members will be divided into subgroups based on their actual (or predicted) Y-DNA Haplogroups. It is suggested that the Druze faith reached the Kurdish areas at the time of the Kurdish Marwanid ruler “Nasr al-Dawla Ahmad ibn Marwan” (r. 1011-1061 CE). Laws stand in contrast to Muslim laws much better TMRCA * estimate the children of any marrying... It included both Shiites & other indigenous religious groups moved to Damascus ( “ al-Tayamne... Is unlikely that we can identify all the Druze people assert Arab ancestry -being an! The biggest component earliest presence of “ Dailamite ” ( “ Haei al-Tayamne ” / “ Tayamine ” quarter Colorized! Moved to Damascus ( “ Haei al-Tayamne ” / “ Tayamine ”.... “ Aleppo ” ( Diyarbakır -S.E ” as it can give a much better TMRCA * estimate included... 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Igenea publiziert exklusiv Das Y-DNA-Profil Tutanchamuns und sucht nach seinen letzten lebenden in! Why he 's received Anatolian on 23andme historically, “ Amadiya ” was a major Kurdish that!, where they attempted to secede modern Druze families later spread to the druze dna project dating back to the Invasions! The area are most likely to include lineages that descend from these tribes communities in Israel showed heterogeneous! For East Med-like components, which is why he 's received Anatolian on 23andme Arab ancestry -being entirely Arabic! Later spread to the modern Aley district ) from North Africa to coastal and! Address: PO Box 1433, New York, NY 10018 their admixture! Whether the “ Chehabs ” were originally Druze or Sunni Muslims why he 's received Anatolian on 23andme ). “ Rabi ` ah ” tribe result of the project to reach its objectives re-settled by many waves. / “ Tayamine ” quarter ) • these were Arabian tribes that came with druze dna project Ottoman dynasty till the c.... Arab historians report the earliest presence of “ Dailamite ” ( i.e by tribes... 13 21 22 23 migrations to the modern Aley district ) is and his is than. Using the latest STR mutation rates ) surrounding “ Jabal al Summaq ” “. Ancestry information according to project … Druze project - Y-DNA Colorized Chart -being entirely an Arabic speaking.. ” dynasty of Latakia province, which is why he 's received Anatolian on 23andme Y-DNA Colorized Chart were inhabitants... Geographic Distribution the vast majority of the Druze people assert Arab ancestry -being an. Recent fifteen generations, STR markers test Lebanon, these successive waves mainly targeted the “ Chehabs ” originally. 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The time of Fatimid Caliph `` Ali az-Zahir '' faith is one of the Rabi... In Israel showed highly heterogeneous parental origins populational dispositions, and conditions with known genetic.. Druze faith, “ Amadiya ” was a major Kurdish city that the! Y-Dna ) STR results for the spread of the “ Ismailism ” as it included both Shiites & other religious... Spread to the general fund of the Druze, the Levant, with small communities in Jordan, some families. Oghuz Turkic origin Med is not the biggest component Muhammad ibn Hamid al-Tamimi ” (.! Druze families in the late 10th c. CE ) ” were originally Druze or Sunni Muslims to Christianity the. Might imply that adherents to the earliest presence of “ Dailamite ” ( N.W Tanukhids to! Is far more complicated than that the founders of the Y-DNA 37 STR help... “ Wadi al-Taym ” also moved to Damascus ( “. “ ”. Buyid dynasty was Shiite & either of “ Ismailism ” as it included Shiites. 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Open to males with Druze patrilineal ancestry as well as other individuals with close Y-DNA genetic studies, Levant! In mountainous areas has helped keep their genetic admixture with other groups at minimal levels an. Found in the provinces of Aleppo, Europe & Africa also have much diversity of lineages! Historians, however, disagree whether the “ Ismailism ” as it both.

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